My book, “Bengetto Imin” no Kyozo to Jitsuzo: Kindai Nihon-Tonan Ajia Kankei-shi no Ichi-Kosatsu (Myth and Reality of the Japanese “Benguet Emigrants” in the Philippines, 1903-1905: A Study of the History on Modern Japan-Southeast Asian Relations), was published 30 years ago in 1989. As I mentioned in the book, “I was apprehensive about the ‘myth’ deriving from a ‘false image’ because it could become a reason for cultural friction between the two countries” (Hayase 1989a, 250). So far, no noticeable cultural friction has occurred in the past three decades. However, when I visited Baguio for the first time after the publication of the book, my apprehension was reaffirmed when I saw the monuments and museum exhibitions regarding Japan and the Japanese. I recognized the differences in historical perception among the people concerned. This paper first introduces how the monuments for the so-called “Benguet Migrants”—who engaged in the construction of the road to the “summer capital,” Baguio—were erected. Taking into consideration that Baguio was built as an American colonial city, I will proceed to discuss the differences in historical views with reference to museum exhibitions.
Type of Article: Special Article Volume, Issue, Year: Volume 58, Issue 1, Year 2022 Pages: 1–36 URL: https://asj.upd.edu.ph/index.php/archive/20-58-1-2022/173-continuing-japanese-myth-benguet-migrants-philippines-baguio-hayase